Constitutions, Justice and separation (diffusion) of Power: Checks and Balances and the Dominant Power Elite
Power and authority should be divided among multiple centres of power, and these different centres should keep each other in check. They should monitor and restrain each other – in other words, act as checks and balances against each other.
What is the purpose of a constitution, specifically the constitution of a state? To protect individual rights, many people might answer. The answer is not without merit, but it falls short, nonetheless.